Women and children worked underground for 11 to 12 hours a day for less pay than men. From the official report of the parliamentary committee. Keir Hardie found work in the small mining town of Newarthill, working twelve to fourteen hours a day. At first he worked as a trapper.
The job of a trapper was to open and close a door that kept the air supply for the men in a particular direction. It was spooky work, all alone for ten long hours, with the underground silence disturbed only by the sighs and whistles of the air as it tried to escape through the door joints. When did children stop working in the mines? Coal was the main source of energy in Victorian times. It was used for cooking and heating, and to power machinery, trains and steamships.
These 10 facts about child miners do not represent all the complexities involved in the lives of child miners.